Princess Cut Diamonds

Princess cut diamonds come in all diamond colors and clarities.  They are the second most popular cut shape for diamonds.  Coming second only to the round brilliant cut. Coming in the shape of either square or rectangular.  Princess cut diamonds have a profile or side shape that looks like a pyramid with four beveled sides. The princess cut diamond is a new diamond style.  The princess cut diamond has become more popular in recent years.  This is because of its unique reflective brilliance, similar to that of Round Diamonds.  Furthermore, their surge in popularity is because of its distinctive sharp edges.  The princess cut is sometimes referred to as a square brilliant.

Origins of the Princess Cut

The Princess cut diamond evolved from the "French cut."  The French cut features a step-modified "Double-French" or "Cross" cut crown.  It also utilizes a variety of chevron-shape facets as its patterns. This gives the princess cut diamond a beautiful and distinct reflection when the diamond is observed directly through the table.

Round Diamonds and the Princess Cut Diamond

Princess cut diamonds have sharp edges.  The top of a princess cut diamond is the crown.  It is cut with a round face-up shape.  The princess cut diamond has a bottom that is the pavilion and is the shape of a cone.   A princess cut diamond usually has the same width as the diameter of a round brilliant.  However, it will weigh more as it has four corners which would otherwise have been cut off.  Which is, unlike that of a round diamond.  However, while displaying an acceptable output reflection and brilliance, princess cut diamonds have their faceting arranged completely different from that of a round brilliant.

The Princess Cut Diamond and Prices

Princess cut diamonds are on average less expensive than round brilliant cut diamonds.  The reason why the princess cut diamond of the same carat weight priced against a round diamond is because it retains about 80% of the rough diamond.  This is unlike the round brilliant which retains only about 50% of the rough. The ability to retain more crystal weight makes this shape popular amongst diamond cutters.

Accredited Gem Appraisers (AGA) and American Gem Society Laboratory (AGSL) and European Gem Laboratories-USA (EGL-USA) are currently the only labs that grade the Princess cut for cut. Measurements vary for a princess cut diamond and many diamond manufacturers market ideal diamonds with differing facet patterns and angles as "ideal cut". In contrast to the AGSL, AGA, and EGL-USA the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) has stated that there is not enough industry consensus or empirical data to specify cut grading standards for Princess cut diamonds and to do so is at the risk of consumers who may be deceived by diamonds accompanied by unqualified Ideal or Excellent cut grades.



Comparing the Princess Cut Diamond

In London 1961, diamond cutter Arpad Nagy designed and dubbed his unique diamond cut as the princess cut, otherwise known as the "Profile Cut."  However, the name, princess cut diamond, was is famous by Ygal Perlman, Betzalel Ambar, and Israel Itzkowitz in Israel in 1979.  Their diamond cut was similar to that of the original 58 facets of the princess cut, the "Quadrillion."  Distribution by diamond company Ambar Diamonds in Los Angeles popularized the name.  After extensive research and optic testing, a square stone with faceting similar to that of a round brilliant cut diamond produced.  The official name is the square brilliant.  It is important to note that the number of chevrons can affect the overall outlook of a princess cut diamond.

Diamond cutters noted that by adding more chevrons on the pavilion side of the diamond.  Each individual facet of the diamond breaks down into smaller facets.  The result being it can give a princess cut diamond a "crushed ice" look. Conversely, when a princess cut diamond has fewer chevrons, it resembles broader facets.



The Princess Cut Diamond and GIA Certificates

A princess cut diamond certified by the Gemological Institute of America are the most valuable.  This is because GIA has the strictest grading standards of all the diamond grading facilities in the world.

Princess Cut Diamond A sample of a GIA certified diamond

Princess Cut Diamond Engagement Rings

What makes the princess cut so popular?  Princess cut diamond engagement rings make a statement.  When looking at round diamonds, emerald diamonds, and princess cut diamonds their symmetry stands out.  Princess cut diamond engagement rings appeal because brides-to-be seeking non-traditional looks find this cut beautiful.  When looking for princess cut diamond engagement rings becomes overwhelming, consider these important specs.

Symmetry and Polish of Princess Cut Engagement Rings

The symmetry of the facets reflects the princess cut diamonds shape and beauty.   Imagine drawing an imaginary line down the length of the diamond, and seeing if the facets on both sides are the same shape and size.  Also, one should look for all the points of the facets to meet. And furthermore, that there are no missing or facets. Then draw an imaginary horizontal line across the diamond.  You will see if the facets on the bottom and top halves are symmetrical.  For example, the basic rule of thumb is the more symmetrical the facets, the more desirable the diamond.  The more balanced the contrast of light and dark patterns in the table, the more brilliance.   Princess cut diamond engagement rings that have either too light or too dark facets are usually typically not as beautiful as one that has a perfect symmetry.

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